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  • Ray Mcleod posted an update 6 months, 2 weeks ago

    A friction pad is placed against the disc and used to brake any vehicle. The friction between the disc and the pad causes heat to spread over the brake disc, which causes the car to slow down. This is also true for brake drums that have the brake shoe pressing against them. The brake drums heat up, causing the car to slow down again.

    Start under your foot and apply pressure to the brake pedal. This pressure is transferred to brake servo which uses engine power to increase pressure.

    How does the pressure transfer to the friction pads (brake)? The secret to brake fluid is in the brake pipe, which runs from the servo and the brakes. Fluid is used as cables would require constant adjustment due to stretching from the heat and constant use.

    As mentioned the heat is dissipated from the pad by the brake discs. For improved dissipation vented brake discs have a central channel that increases the surface to air ratio of the disc and gives more efficient cooling. Ventilated discs improve the air ratio, reduce the buildup of gases, and maintain clean pads. You can fit larger discs to improve the braking performance of high-performance cars, but you might need to use different wheels.

    Brake pads are obviously an essential part in stopping your car and the higher the friction the better the performance. The fast road pads offer a compromise between racing and standard pads, with some generating zero. Your driving style and driving habits will have a significant impact on how the pads and discs wear.

    ABS helps to prevent lockups under heavy braking and allows you to steer the car but steering will reduce the braking efficiency as the ABS cuts in more.

    Brake Upgrades

    Braided hoses made of stainless steel resist bending and loss of pressure at the pad ends. They also look better and theoretically last longer. Get a complete set and do both the front and the back.

    You have many options to upgrade your cars braking system. The fitting of bigger discs is an upgrade that could be a fairly simple option. Take a standard family car for example with small discs – you could visit your local breaker or buy brake parts online for a performance model from the same vehicle. It is common for small cars to share brake parts with their bigger brothers. A little bit of research can lead to some surprising results.

    General Care of Your Brake System

    You should inspect your brakes at least once a year. Start by checking your pads and discs for wear and tear. The discs should not have a ridge on the edge due to excessive wear, thin discs can warp under immense heat conditions. Check your pads for wear as they will eat into your discs when worn.

    Brake fluid levels should be changed at least once per year but no longer than every two years.

    It is important to check your brakes after you have driven through standing water. This will help to eliminate any grease and water buildup.

    I hope you have found this information useful, it’s important to understand the attention you need to give your brakes as you need to stop your car with confidence.

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